Ficus Petiolaris is a close relative of Palmeri, but grows much slower, and the barrel is not so inflated at the base. Like his brother, this ficus is a native of Western Mexico. Living in such arid climate, the plant must adapt, so this ficus is also part of the Palmeri, ie, can accumulate moisture in the lower part of the trunk and can withstand prolonged drought. Such an unusual form of plant has been widely used in home growing as bonsai. For this purpose, the ficus does not even necessarily need additional pruning to form.
Ficus Petiolaris has very interesting external data, which can be seen in the photo. In addition to the trunk, the leaves deserve special attention: in length they reach 10cm – 15 cm, and in width too. Leathery, dark green, with silver sputtering, somewhat velvety. The central and protruding veins are red, the petiole is yellow-pink, and the bark is yellow-beige.
Taking care of Ficus Petiolaris at home
Ficus Petiolaris, despite the natural environment, does not require complex care. But do not forget that carelessness can ruin even the most unpretentious plant. So we worried that you would be “armed” with the necessary knowledge about the care of this species of ficus.
Lighting: Ficus Petiolaris likes bright scattered light, but without direct sunlight. The east and west windows are good for him. South and north, too, but by placing the plant on the south window it is necessary to provide him with shade from the midday sun. In summer it is possible to take out ficus on fresh air. In winter, the ficus can adapt well to artificial lighting.
- Temperature: In summer, a thermophilic plant prefers a temperature range of +23 ° C – +25 ° C. In winter you should provide +12 ° C – +15 ° C. Does not tolerate draughts.
- Watering: Ficus Petiolaris is a seasonal plant, which by the dormant period drops its leaves. So by this time, i.e. for the whole winter it is necessary to reduce watering. In summer, however, watering should be plentiful.
- Air humidity: In all seasons, the ficus must be sprayed with clean, constant water at room temperature. In summer, you can also wipe the leaves with a wet sponge.
- Transplantation: for young plants, the transplant is carried out every spring, in a new land and a wider pot. Older ficus are enough to transplant once in 1-2 years. And some (kadochnye) enough and change the top of the soil.
- Feeding: twice a month you should fertilize the ficus with mineral and organic liquid substrates.
- Reproduction: Ficus Petiolaris can reproduce with cuttings and seeds. It is also worth noting that in the case of vegetative reproduction, the plant will not have that curious trunk shape, as in the case of seed.
Diseases and pests
Most of the diseases that may accompany your ficus are associated with improper care. As for pests, among them may be a shield, a spider mite and aphids.
In order to get rid of these enemies, there are several important things to know:
– First of all, you should manually remove the shield from the affected leaves using a cotton swab. After that, you should treat the plant with solutions such as soap-kerasin, soap-oil, garlic, onion and pepper.
– First, you need to wipe the leaves of the plant on both sides with soapy water, and if the damage is severe, use insecticides.
– If the pest appeared on your plant, the first thing you should do is to inspect all other plants and isolate the affected ones. Then, spray the plant with soapy water and remove the insects. It is also very important to thoroughly clean all ovaries and pegs, because there may already be many eggs in the cracks. After these procedures, you should use special chemicals.