All lovers of exotic plants is dedicated. Today we will talk about how already domesticated, but no less noble and majestic Ficus Benghalensis received the deserved title of a giant plant environment. At home, in the South China and South-East Asia, this plant, thanks to the unique life form of banyanas, can grow a whole grove from one individual. The secret is that the ficus is capable of launching air roots from horizontal branches, which, having reached the ground themselves, take root, strengthen and become carrying trunks with their own side shoots. Thus, one tree is able to create an entire ecosystem that is amazing in its size – this banyan can take several hectares and grow to 40 m in length.
The leaves of the plant correspond to its scale – sometimes up to 25 cm. It is a green leather plate with a small pile and a light vein in the middle. At home, Ficus Benghalensis is a tree, which, like its “wild” congener, tearing up rapidly. Of course, it does not let air roots in the pot, but still this plant needs a lot of space. So this type of ficus is more suitable for office space, winter gardens, greenhouses or large living rooms. But the owners of a small living space should not be upset, because Benghalensis The representative of evergreen trees is perfect for growing in the form of bansai.
Taking care of Ficus Benghalensis at home
Ficus Benghalensis does not require that the care for him is troublesome. But inattention, carelessness, and indifference can react by dropping leaves. Well, among other things, it is enough just to follow a few simple rules to make the ficus feel comfortable and thanked by the lush growth and healthy greenery.
- Lighting: Ficus Benghalensis is very calm about this point. For him, a light room or artificial lighting is acceptable.
In order to ensure that the crown grows evenly, it is recommended to rotate the ficus around its axis, if the scattered light hits only one part of it.
- Temperature: Ficus Benghalensis does not like temperature changes and drafts. The most optimal temperature section in any season will be from +17 °C to +26 °C.
- Watering: The plant likes abundant regular watering in all seasons, as this ficus has no period of weakening growth. However, before the next watering, you should wait until the top layer of soil has dried out.
- Air humidity: this type prefers higher air humidity, but due to the size of the spraying alone is not enough. It is recommended to wipe the leaves with a soft sponge or a cloth.
In winter, during the heating season, Ficus Benghalensis better move away from the radiators, while providing previous lighting.
- Transplant: young plants should be transplanted every year in a bigger pot, and adults only need to change the top layer of the ground.
- Feeding: here you need to be very careful, because you can only feed Ficus Benghalensis 1-2 times a month by splitting the recommended dosage of fertilizer on the package. It is better to use granular, universal.
- Reproduction: Benghalensis Ficus is multiplied by drawing, air taps and seeds. If you are not professional in ficus breeding, it is best to use young cuttings with several leaves. Rooting is best done in a mixture of peat and sand. This way the roots will grow faster than in water.
As you can see, Benghalensis Ficus is one of the most unpretentious, so you won’t have any trouble taking care of it.
Diseases and pests
In general, this species of ficus is not very susceptible to “attack” pests, but if this happens, it can often be a spider mite, shield and thrips. In this case, the plant can be washed under a warm shower or wiped with a wet sponge, and treated with special chemicals, including soap solution. But diseases are much more common, but they all come from improper care. In order to help your ficus, you should track the mistakes in care:
- If the air temperature is lower than the previously mentioned limits, the ficus may begin to wither leaves.
- The plant lacks light – the leaves may become smaller.
- Pour in the ficus – yellow spots appear on the leaves.
- If there is a lack of fertilizer, the ossification slows down and the leaves lose their color.
- Fever and dry air can cause brown spots on the edges.
So we got acquainted with another representative of flora – Ficus Benghalensis and made sure that even such an unusual plant can easily grow at home.