Ficus Palmeri is a native of Mexico and California. Among other representatives of the genus Ficus Palmeri is distinguished by the original shape of the trunk, which looks like a bottle – at the base of the stem is wider, and to the top of the stem thinks and ends in a bundle of crowns. Such an unusual “design” is necessary for the plant to accumulate moisture and be able to withstand prolonged drought.
In natural conditions, often in the beginning of life behaves like an epiphyte, braiding with its roots the plant on which it settled. Usually, these are cactuses or other shrubs. In dry rocky terrain does not exceed the mark of 4 m in length. In areas with higher humidity may extend up to 9 m.
Ficus Palmeri leaves have a heart-shaped shape, reaching 15 cm in length and 12 cm in width. The leaf plate is light green, leathery, glossy with a pronounced vein that forms a relief pattern on the back side. The bark of the plant has a cream-white shade, sometimes reaching yellow.
Ficus Palmeri in home growing has a very decorative value, as it can be grown in the bonsai style. It doesn’t even need any additional pruning, since the shape of the plant is already quite strange. However, it should be noted that the Bottle Ficus can be grown as such only from seeds; in case of vegetative reproduction, it will become an ordinary tree.
Taking care of Ficus Palmeri at home
Taking care of yourself Ficus Palmeri special does not require. Thus, this plant becomes not only an exquisite decorative purchase, but also an undemanding green pet.
- Lighting: Ficus Palmeri is a light-loving plant, so it tastes like bright diffused light. It is better to shade the plant from direct sunlight. The most comfortable place for the ficus is on the eastern or western windows. South and North are also suitable, but in case of South, you should take precautions to avoid midday rays of sun on Ficus Palmeri.
- Temperature: the optimal temperature in summer is + 23 ° C – +25 ° C. In winter, the best option will be – from +12 ° C to +15 ° C.
- Watering: in summer irrigation should be quite abundant, but in winter it should be reduced. During this period, the plant is at rest and drops the leaves. In spring, watering is resumed.
- Air humidity: in any season you need frequent spraying with clean water at room temperature.
- Transplanting: Like other ficus representatives, young Ficus Palmeri need an annual transplant, which is done in spring. During this procedure, the plant needs to increase the pot, but not the depth, but the width, as the root system develops close to the surface. More mature ficus are transplanted once in 1-2 years. And some people only need to change the top layer of soil.
- Fertilisation: from spring until late summer, mineral and organic fertilisers are applied.
- Reproduction: Ficus Palmeri is multiplied by cutting and using seeds.
Diseases and pests
The Ficus Palmeri can be affected by pests such as mealy worm, shield and spider mite.
- Powderworm: looks like white fluffy lumps. You can get rid of it by removing a cotton swab soaked in soapy water and spraying with tobacco infusion, garlic infusion, and cyclamenoid broth.
- Shield: Looks like yellow growing spots that cause an entire leaf to yellown and twist. To get rid of it, you first need to scrape the insect off the leaves of an infected plant, and then wash the whole ficus with warm water or soapy water. You can also use special chemical agents.
- Spider mite: a spider web and small red spiders appear. It is necessary to wipe the leaves with soapy water, and in case of severe damage – spray with insecticides.