Ficus Montana is an evergreen representative of the mulberry, which has a life form of low bushes or vines. He comes from the tropical forests of Indochina, Malaysia and Indonesia. In the natural environment prefers to live on the banks of forest rivers and other bodies of water. Sometimes settle in the shadow of a stone at an altitude of 1300 m above sea level. Besides, Ficus Montana grows like a weed in the tea plantations.
Actually, why is this species called Mountainous already understandable, but why is it oaky? It is not difficult to guess that we are talking about leaf shape. In this ficus, they can be both oval and vane, similar to oak leaves. Leaves grow up to 10 cm in length and 4 cm in width. Covered with short hairs in the form of bristles, mostly prevailing on the lower part. The shoots are straight, crawling, brown-green in color. In the form of shrub Fikus Mountain may grow to 1 – 1.5 meters.
Taking care of Ficus Montana at home
For this type of ficus it is not difficult to organize appropriate care, the main thing is to follow a few simple rules, and the plant will feel comfortable in your home.
- Lighting: Ficus Montana is very light-loving, so you should choose a well lit place with protection from direct sunlight.
If there is a lack of light, the ficus may slow down or even stop the growth.
- Temperature: In addition to lighting, temperature also plays an important role, as this ficus loves warmth. It is especially important in winter to provide a temperature of +17 oC – +21 oC.
- Watering: In spring and summer, it is desirable to water a lot of land that has dried up, but in autumn and winter it should be reduced.
- Air humidity: to increase the humidity of the air, periodic spraying and wiping of leaves with a damp cloth is perfect.
- Transplanting: young ficuses require annual transplanting, and those over five years – only when the roots fill up the whole ground.
- Feeding: Feeding takes place from April to August every two weeks, using special fertilizers for ficuses.
- Reproduction: Ficus Montana is multiplied by air taps and tip cuttings. For the latter use cuttings with several leaves, which should be rooted in the warmed soil and covered with polyethylene, in order to mimic the conditions of the greenhouse.
Major diseases and pests
Of the pests Ficus Montana may be affected by the shield. To get rid of it you should first remove the shields with a cotton swab, and then treat the plant with special chemicals.
And as for diseases, any of them can be avoided, if you provide proper care to the green pet.