Ficus Microcarpa Ginseng is one of the most colorful representatives of the Tutov family, which is grown in home floriculture. Actually, this species has several names, which you can find in the trade sphere:
- Ficus Microcarpa (small fruit)
- Ficus Microcarpa Bonsai
- Ficus Microcarpa Ginseng
- Ficus Ginseng
- Ficus retusa
It once came to the European continent from subtropical forests in the Philippines, Malaysia, Southern China, India and Northern Australia. In the wild, this ficus behaves quite aggressively: with its airy roots, it braids the trunk of a standing tree and no longer allows it to grow and develop further. In other words, it just suffocates. Of course, at home Ficus Ginseng is not a threat to humans. And even vice versa – is quite a nice green inhabitant, who grows in the form of bonsai, or rather a pseudo bonsai.
The result is an unusual bush with a neat crown and intricate roots, which can be purchased in a specialized store and provide it with proper care. To tell the truth, such a fancy form of roots is not only a natural heritage, but rather the opposite – the result of breeders’ work. First, they plant seeds, then take care of the seedlings, and when a complete plant has already formed, they begin to “shamanize” it.
First, the thickened roots are underground in general, by the way, this is how they become thanks to special agricultural machinery. Then, they are carefully dug out and cut down the trunks with leaves. And at the end of the magic, the roots are planted in separate pots, leaving most of them on the ground surface. So on the cut begins to form a new crown, and the bush gets the desired shape. Here, in fact, the whole secret of growing bonsai, though not at home, and for industrial purposes. As for care, Ficus Ginseng will not bring you much trouble, because it is very undemanding.
Taking care of Ficus Ginseng at home
- Lighting: Microcarpa is a light-loving ficus, it has a bright scattered light to taste. It also tolerates the penumbra well, and with artificial light it continues to grow as before.
Like any other ficus, Ficus Microcarpa Ginseng should be shaded by direct sunlight, which is harmful to the plant.
- Temperature: in summer prefers a temperature range of + 18 ° C – +23 ° C, and in winter the thermometer column should not fall below +16 ° C.
If the summer was hot, Ficus Ginseng will need some airing.
- Watering:in the period from spring to autumn, the plant needs a lot of water. Between procedures, the ground should dry out, about 3 cm deep.
Important: Make sure that the earth lump does not dry out and is not overmoistened, and that the water in the pallet does not stagnate – nothing good it will do.
- Air humidity: Ficus Microcarpa loves high humidity, so it will thankfully respond to the daily spraying twice a day. You can also pamper him with a warm shower, but no more than once a month. And, of course, an integral part of water procedures is rubbing leaves with a wet sponge.
For spraying, it is best to use boiled water, so that the leaves do not have white spots. During a warm shower, you need to cover the trunk of the tree from getting water on it. Also, to increase the humidity near the plant, you can use a tray with wet pebbles.
- Transplant: for transplanting the plant requires fertile soil with a pH of 5.5 – 7.5. For this purpose, you can use the already prepared soil or mix it on its own from equal parts of sheet, peat, sod soil, coarse sand and fine charcoal. So how to transplant young plants? They need to replant each year, with a complete replacement of the land, and more mature plants overflow with part of the old land.
If you cut the roots of 1\3 during the transplant, you can achieve a more compact form.
- Feeding: Feeding is carried out every two weeks from early spring until autumn with complex fertilizers or special fertilizers for growing bonsai. In winter, fertilization is reduced to once a month (during irrigation).
- Crown formation: how to form a crown so that it would meet your aesthetic requirements or was similar to bonsai? In fact, it will not be a problem, because Ginseng shoots are very plastic and can be manipulated. If you like a more ramified crown, then you should cut the tip of the tree, leaving only 5 cm long shoots. You can form a crown in the direction of growth of the largest branch. Also use the wire to
Also frequent pruning is necessary to make the bonsai turn out like a picture. Every 6 – 8 leaves should be cut to 2 pieces.
There are several ways to reproduce Ficus Microcarpa Ginseng:
- Drawing (cuttings): in early spring, the cuttings are cut to 15 cm in length. Then they are left in a glass of water to purify from the milk juice. Then rooted in a mixture of peat, sand and vermiculite.
- Root cutting: in an adult plant, cut off part of the spine and plant it in the ground so that 2.5 cm is on top. Then cover the spine with polyethylene film, water once a week and regularly ventilate.
- Air outlet: it is necessary to cut the bark 2-3 cm wide from the trunk in a circle. This place is wrapped with wet sphagnum and polyethylene. Moss must be kept mossy at all times. When there are new roots, this part of the trunk should be cut and planted in the ground.
It should be noted that all transplanted houses Ficus Ginseng will have the usual shape and underground root system.
Ficus diseases and pests
Diseases of the tree can only occur due to improper care:
- If the room where Microcarpa is located has draughts, frequent temperature drops or poor lighting, and too much watering, it will be the reason why the green leaves fall.
- Insufficient lighting in winter, poor irrigation, and dry air can first cause the leaves to turn yellow and then fall.
- Lack of fertilization may appear as a yellowing of the lower leaves.
- But the stagnant water in the pallet will definitely lead to rotting and blackening of the leaves. If this did happen, then immediately take the plant out of the pot, cut the affected roots and part of the trunk, so that the ficus does not waste any extra effort.
- But how to revive a poor ficus, if it dried up? First of all, you should check all the previous versions of errors and exclude them, then the presence of parasites, if not again, you need to understand more deeply.
First of all, you need to extract the roots and study them. Rotten and withered roots should be removed immediately. If there are pests, you should also get rid of them (see below). If on a thin part of the root system appeared bloating, it may indicate a root nematode, which prevents normal development of the plant. In this case, you need to get rid of the ficus and contaminated soil.
In the case of pests: a spider mite, a powdery worm and a shield, the tree requires insecticide treatment. When all problems are eliminated, Ficus Ginseng will quickly recover and will continue to delight its owners.