Ficus Lyrata – another representative of the family of mulberries, came to us from far tropical Africa. The plant got its name because of the unusual shape of the leaf, which looks like a musical instrument violin or lyre. It differs from its brothers mainly in size: in natural conditions, it can grow up to 30 m high, with leaves up to 50 cm long and 40 cm wide. The upper plate is dark green, leathery, glossy, and the lower plate is light green. The leaves themselves are quite hard, slightly wrinkled, the edges are wavy. Each leaf is located on a petiole up to 7 cm, the location on the trunk is spiral.
At home, Ficus Lyrata has a very decorative appearance, and in growth does not exceed 2.5 meters. This view is perfect for landscaping of office and residential premises. By the way, this plant likes privacy, so it is not recommended to put it next to other green pets.
Ficus Lyrata has several varieties, which are most common in home growing:
- Ficus Lyrata Columnaris is a fast-growing, upward-facing variety similar to the large column.
- Well branched, miniature variety, leaves up to 15 cm long – Ficus Lyrata Bambino (Compacta).
- The average size of the plant, reaching 1.5 meters in height at home, leaves grow to 25 cm – Ficus Lyrata Little Fiddle.
- A plant with a very compact crown and leaves up to 35 cm in length – Ficus Lyrata Phyllis Craig.
Home care for the lyroid ficus
Compared to other types of Ficus Lyrata is quite demanding in terms of care, as it needs close to natural conditions. But if you follow all the rules, the growth of this plant will be successful.
- Lighting: Ficus Lyrata is a light-loving plant, so you need to provide it with bright but diffuse light, shaded by the midday sun.
This species of ficus loves fresh air, so you can take it to the balcony in summer or provide frequent ventilation.
In winter, it is desirable to use additional lighting.
- Temperature: in summer ficus prefers a temperature from +20 ° C to +25 ° C. And in winter you should warm the room to +16 °C – +18 °C.
- Watering: in summer you can water up to 3 times a week, but make sure that it is not excessive to fill the ground, in winter watering is reduced to 1 time a week.
- Humidity: a tropical person prefers higher air humidity, which can be provided by spraying, rubbing leaves with a damp cloth and even a warm shower on hot days. It is also advisable to place a water container near Lyrata. In addition, you should keep the ficus away from the source of dry and warm air, i.e., from the radiator and heaters during the heating season.
- Transplant: at a young age, Ficus lyrata (another name for this species) should be transplanted every spring, but after a few years, a transplant is required only once every two years. In addition, you can understand that the plant is already uncomfortable in the old pot by the fact that the roots have already filled the whole ground.
- Feeding: Feeding is done once every two weeks with liquid universal fertilizers, but using half the dose than on the package.
- Reproduction: Reproduction should be done in spring or early summer, using shredding or leaf multiplication. In both cases, it is necessary to cut with a sharp knife sheet or cut to 15 cm and wash off the milk juice from the cut. Then leave to dry for a couple of hours. Cut the cut stalk, then, should be placed in water in which was dissolved charcoal or activated carbon. Now you only have to wait for the spines to appear, so that you can transplant the plant into the prepared soil mixture.
- Pruning: Lyrata Ficus is trimmed if you want to multiply it, cut its length or form a crown, i.e. make it branch. We have already said that for reproduction it is enough to cut a stalk of 15 cm. In order to maintain the desired length, you will have to cut where it is convenient for you, but do not forget that near the cut will begin to wake up side buds and ficus will begin to branch only from above. So, if you want that the side shoots formed lower, then it is worth to cut it about 30cm – 40cm from the earth coma.
Diseases and pests
Ficus Lyrata can be attacked by pests such as mealy worm and a spider mite. You can get rid of the former in the following way:
- The powdery worm is removed with an alcohol-moistened cotton swab;
- the plant is treated with anticoccidal drugs.
The spider mite is removed by acaricides. The diseases of this ficus are directly related to the mistakes made in care:
- Excessive watering, insufficient humidity or sudden temperature changes cause leaves to turn yellow and fall;
- Fungal diseases provoke stains on the leaves, what can I say, the leaves just turn black. The fungicide can cure the fungus.