For hundreds of years, home plants are an integral part of the interior of residential or business premises, and especially among them stands out evergreen wonder – ficus. If you want to get acquainted with this plant closer, in order to learn more about what kinds of ficus exist, we invite you to go with us on an exciting journey through a variety of shapes and colors, from which the head just goes around.
Main SpeciesFicus varieties that can be grown at home are presented to your attention.
So, the first stop is Ficus Benjamina, which can be seen in the photo below: Of course, the description of this green beauty may take a lot of space, but we will try to reveal the essence of the plant briefly. Ficus Benjamina is one of the most common species for home growing. Its leaves are oblong in shape, 6 to 12 cm long and 3 to 6 cm wide. Can be monochrome or motley colored. The bark is dark gray with brown strokes, located across the trunk. The plant branched off abundantly, from which the crown seems to be voluminous. Care:
- Does not like frequent watering.
- Does not tolerate direct sunlight.
- Depending on the color of the leaves can be in both shaded and light place.
This type of ficus is characterized by massive leathery leaves of dark green color or with light spots. Usually, in decorative conditions, the plant does not branch – the leaves are located on the trunk, which, with good care, can reach a length of up to 2 meters. And it is not strange, because the Ficus Elastica from early spring until late autumn may add one leaf a week. Sometimes on the leaves there is a milk juice, which is used in industry to produce rubber, but the plant itself heals its wounds or drives away pests. It may be irritating if it gets on the skin. Care:
- Prefers bright but diffuse light from direct sunlight.
- Likes moderate temperature both in summer (+20 – +25 ºC) and in winter (not below +15 ºC).
- Before each irrigation, the soil should dry out.
Ficus Benghalensis is an evergreen tree that has a form of banyan life in its natural habitat. Thus, “settling” on a larger and stronger plant, the ficus releases air roots, which, having reached the ground, begin to take root and turn into an ordinary trunk. The leaves of this species have an oval shape, the green color of the plate with light green veins. In room conditions can reach 3 meters in height, while in nature – up to 40 meters. Care:
- Light-loving plant (without direct sunlight).
- It likes moderate temperatures from 14 ºC in winter to 30 ºC in summer.
- Requires moderate watering, except for the period of active growth, when it is worth watering more often.
Ficus Binnendijkii is an evergreen ficus, shaped like a bush or a tree. The bark of an adult plant is somewhat rough, light gray with white strokes. Leaves are oblong, glossy and smooth, 25 to 30 cm long and 4 to 4.5 cm wide. The color of leaves may be monochrome – dark green, or mottled – with colored spots. Care:
- Temperatures are moderate, from 13 ºC in winter to 25 ºC in summer.
- The plant prefers diffuse light or a light penumbra.
- Watering is done in summer when the top layer of soil has dried out, in winter when all the soil in the pot has dried out.
This type of ficus is fundamentally different from the above. First, it is not a tree or bush, but a herbaceous plant, capable of taking root with its own shoots. In short, the shoots are thin, flexible, abundantly covered with leaves. Leaves may be rounded or oblong, depending on the variety. Color is also different: from light green, monotonous to motley. Care:
- It can withstand the lowest temperature of +8 ºC in winter, and the highest temperature of +25 ºC in summer.
- Loves a little sunshine in the morning or evening, for example, and scattered light.
- Watering is quite abundant – do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
A small tree or shrub with triangular-shaped leaves. The bark is brown, the shoots are elastic. Leaves are leathery, non-monotone in color: green, light green and white predominate. There is a concave vein in the middle of the leaf. Leaving:
- In winter it likes to be warm, the minimum temperature is +16 ºC, and in summer the maximum is +25 ºC.
- Likes high humidity, daily sprays.
- Does not tolerate direct sunlight.
The names of many ficus species originate either from their habitat or from the shape of leaves. So the leaves of a lyre-shaped tree really look like a violin or lyre. They are quite large, up to 50 cm in length and 25 cm in width. They are dark green, leathery, elastic, a little wrinkled with a pronounced vein. The trunk bark is rough, gray-brown in color. Air roots are poorly expressed or absent at all. Care:
- Requires to maintain conditions close to natural – likes high humidity.
- Does not tolerate direct sunlight.
- Sensitive to sudden temperature changes.
This species of ficus is most often grown as a bonsai, as it has a quirky trunk shape. Leaves are slightly elongated, resembling an ovoid oval green in color, glossy. The village branches well, from which the crown seems wide. Leaving:
- Likes a bright place in the room, but not direct sunlight.
- In summer he likes frequent watering and keeping the soil moist, but in winter watering should be reduced.
- Likes optimal temperature from +15 ºC to +25 ºC.
Ficus Ginseng Microcarpa
In its natural habitat, Ficus Ginseng Microcarpa behaves aggressively enough – to continue its own growth, it chokes another plant. But this does not happen in the home environment. In ornamental floriculture, this species is grown in the form of bonsai, mainly because of the fact that its trunk looks like intertwined roots, growing on a winding trajectory. Crown looks quite neat – these are small “islands” of short branches with oval-shaped leaves of green color, glossy. The trunk and roots are light gray. Leaving:
- Loves penumbra.
- Can’t stand draughts.
- Optimal temperature from +16 ºC to +22 ºC.
- Watering is moderate, without soil drying out.
Ficus Montana is a crawling shrub, which at home is grown as an ampel plant. Its leaves are similar in shape to oak, green, slightly rough. In length, the leaves reach 8 cm, and in width 4 – 4.5 cm. Escapes are thin, brown-green in color. Care:
- Optimal temperature for this plant is from +17 ºC to +22 ºC.
- Loves penumbra or diffuse light.
- Loves plentiful irrigation in spring and summer, and moderate in autumn and winter.
This type of ficus got its name because of the unusual shape of the leaf. The fact is that the leaves resemble the Greek letter “delta”, i.e. in other words, a triangle, 4 to 8 cm long and 7 cm wide, light green, leathery, glossy. There are small light dots on the front side of the leaves, and several black dots on the back side. The trunk bark is gray or light gray. The young deltoid ficus may bear spherical syconias of yellow, orange or red colors. Care:
- Optimal temperature: +16 ºC – 23 ºC.
- Loves high humidity, daily spraying.
- Light-loving, preferably bright diffused light.
It is a small pretty tree with several heart-shaped leaves, quite large. The trunk has a gray-brown bark and weakly branched shoots. Fruits are juicy, slightly flattened figs, may be edible or not. All parts of the plant except fruits secrete milk juice, which can be irritating when hitting the skin. Care:
- Likes light, but it is necessary to shade the plant from direct sunlight.
- It likes not very high temperature in summer – +16 ºC – +20 ºC, and in winter – +6 ºC – +10 ºC.
- In warm seasons, it likes frequent sprays.
Another unusual type of ficus is Parcellii. It is a small tree with elongated leaves, having sharp tips, similar to stings. The plant has a peculiar color – green leaves with white or yellow inclusions or stripes. They are up to 18 cm. long. The trunk is branched, the shoots are generously covered with leaves. Grows not very quickly. Leaving:
- Heat-loving ficus – +18 ºC – +20 ºC.
- In summer, you should water more frequently by adding spraying.
- Can not tolerate a bright color.
- Does not like draughts.
Ficus Hederacea Roxb
This kind of ficus in all senses is similar to ivy: both in the shape of a leaf, and the ability to wrap poles, etc. Leaves, among other things, are green, leathery. The shoots are long and supple. At home, grown as an ampel plant. Care:
- Very demanding plant for irrigation – the soil should not dry out.
- Loves a lot of space for shoots.
Small shrub with curly shoots. Leaves are small, rounded, rough, with wrinkles and a bright green pattern. At the bottom of the stem there are some suction cups, due to which the plant can be attached to any surface. Care:
- Likes moderate temperature.
- Heavy watering will not hurt the plant, loves spraying.
This species of ficus looks a little like a rubber-like, but has shorter leaves. Actually, the leaves are dark green in color, oval in shape, the plate is smooth on top and rough on the bottom. Escapes rusty-brown color. The crown is very thick. The bark of the trunk is smooth, dark gray, the trunk itself at the base is wrapped with air roots. Care:
- Optimal temperature for this asthenia is from +16 ºC in winter to +23 ºC in summer.
- Requires to maintain high humidity through daily spraying.
- Loves bright, diffuse color.
The representative of this species in its natural habitat has a form of banyan life. And at home, it is often grown as bonsai. The sacred ficus has a powerful trunk and gray shoots. Leaves have a heart-shaped, green, smooth touch. Care:
- Does not like direct sunlight, but favors bright scattered light.
- Does not like abrupt temperature changes, the allowed minimum temperature is +12 ºC.
- Need frequent spraying in all seasons.
This species is very similar to its brethren: elongated oval leaves, up to 20 cm long and up to 7 cm wide, green with light veined, leathery. But there is one weighty difference: this plant has large scaly, brown pristine leaves. The fruits of this ficus are quite edible, yellow in color. Care:
- It is a very hardy plant, it can bear shade well.
- Both high and low humidity are not harmful for it.
Ficus Palmeri or bottle ficus is grown as bonsai at home, although its bizarre shape requires virtually no additional formation. Leaves are heart-shaped, have a relief pattern of veins on the back side of the leaf, and the upper plate has a dark green color and a glossy reflection in the sun. Care:
- The plant is able to accumulate moisture in the trunk, so it does not need to be irrigated frequently.
- It is warm-loving.
This is how many of these amazing plants we can have the pleasure of having at home. And after all, these are not all ficus manifestations that exist in the wild, as well as in ornamental floriculture.