Ficus Pumila is one of the most interesting and unusual forms of mulberry representatives. This tiny plant got its name because of the size of the leaves, which in length reach only 2cm to 4cm, and a width of 1-2 cm. In addition, Dwarf is not a vertically growing ficus, but a herbaceous, creeping and soil-covering green long-liver, which is common in wooded areas of Japan, Vietnam, China and Taiwan. At home, the plant may have different ways of growing, depending on the wishes of the owner. For example, a pumila can grow like an ampel ficus – it looks very impressive, as if a green cloth descending from a hung pot or steppin’ on the wall; it can also weave a pole or a few small pegs, forming a small shrub.
In its natural habitat, Ficus Pumila has two types of shoots: young and old. On the young shoots, just grow those very small leaves, which have a leathery, rigid leaf plate with bulges and wrinkles. The same age shoots grow on more mature plants and carry larger leaves – up to 10 cm in length, as well as small pear-shaped syconias up to 3 cm in diameter. The branches themselves are thicker and coarser than young ones. In ornamental growing Ficus Pumila does not bear fruit.
Taking care of Ficus Pumila at home
Of course, compared to other representatives of the ficus genus, Pumila is very demanding in caring for itself. But this is justified by the aesthetic pleasure that this plant gives.
- Lighting: Ficus Pumila loves bright scattered light, but also has a good direct sun. Varieties with a monochrome green color can grow in a small shade or in the middle of the room. But motley crumbs need more light.
Because of the lack of lighting in green varieties will be stretched branches and shimmering leaves, and in motley – reduced brightness of color.
- Temperature: In summer it is desirable to keep the plant in the temperature range from +18 ° C to +25 ° C. In winter, the minimum mark may become +8 ° C.
- Watering: Ficus Pumila likes moisture, so watering should be plentiful enough. It is very important that the ground always remains moist, but not wet. Drying out the ground can lead to the death of the plant due to the fact that the undeveloped surface root system can not feed on moisture from the bottom of the pot. However, make sure that there is no water stagnation in the tray – this will lead to rotting of the roots.
- Air humidity: if you grow your ficus on a pole or other support, it needs to be sprayed frequently, so that the air roots grow, which it will cling to. If the ficus grows as an ampel plant, this frequent moisturizing will not be necessary, but once a month you can rinse shoots under the shower to wash off dust and refresh.
- Transplant: young Climbing figs are transplanted every spring, and more mature once every 3-4 years. For a transplant, it is better to choose a wide, not a deep pot.
- Feeding: in the period of active growth, the pumilla should be fed once in two weeks with liquid fertilizers.
- Reproduction: the dwarf ficus multiplies with cuttings that can be rooted both in water and immediately in the soil, as well as air taps – for this you need to attach a node of one shoot to the ground in another pot.
Diseases and pests
A big advantage in the care of Ficus Pumila is that it is practically not subject to pest attacks. In rare cases, due to dried air, a spider mite may appear on the plant. If the ficus of this viper is infected, it is necessary to give him a hot shower (at a temperature of 40 ° C – 45 ° C), and if the leaves are very thick, you can just soak it in a bowl with water of the same temperature. This procedure should be repeated several times until the insect disappears completely. The diseases of this ficus may be associated only with improper care. So, if:
- the leaves began to fall down quickly, it may mean that the soil is overmoistened, the temperature is too low, there is not enough light or there is a draft;
- the leaves turn yellow and fall – this may mean that the roots began to rot, the ground has oxidized and hardened, as well as lack of food;
- the leaves crumpled and started to dry – the earth dried up, too dry air or sunburn.