In nature, you can find no plant that can adapt to almost any conditions, even if they are quite different from their relatives. For example, Ficus Cyathistipula, which came to us from tropical Africa, is one of the ficus species, which, moreover, are undemanding, and do not create any special problems for florists. For example, a particular type of plant is very stable tolerates temperature changes, as well as overwetting or lack of moisture (except in winter).
Thus, we can conclude that Ficus Cyathistipula is a great option for beginners or busy people. As for its external characteristics, it is quite a beautiful, exotic plant, which can decorate any room or office. So, the leaves of this ficus are elongated, expanding from the base to the end, on which is located more acute in the form of a bee sting. The upper part of the leaf plate is glossy, leathery, dark green in color, and the lower one has a pronounced central vein, which has several branches, light green with a mesh pattern.
The leaf may grow up to 20 cm in length and 7 cm in width, the petiole – up to 4 cm, dense. Young leaves are protected by brown “scales” of pristine leaves, which remain for some time after the leaf opens. The bark has a gray-brown shade. Ficus Cyathistipula is an evergreen, fruit-bearing plant. Its syconias reach 5 cm in diameter, in maturity yellow, edible. As mentioned above, this ficus is not demanding, but it does not eliminate the elementary care of the plant.
Ficus Cyathistipula care at home
- Lighting: Ficus Cyathistipula is very hardy in the shadows, but this does not mean it does not need light. Bright diffuse lighting can be appropriate, especially on east or west windows. However, keep an eye on brightness, as excess can leave burns and lack of light will reduce the size of the sheet.
In order for the trunk to grow evenly, it is recommended that you rotate the Ficus Cyathistipula to light evenly on all sides.
- Temperature: in summer, the optimal temperature for this species is from +18 ° C to +16 ° C. In winter time, it is preferable to not lower than +16 ° C.
We have already said that this plant is resistant to temperature changes, but you should not get carried away, because at best it can end up in a leaffall.
- Watering: in summer, the plant should be provided with regular watering, but it is necessary to make sure that the ground has time to dry out, and the water left in the pallet should be drained. In winter, the frequency of watering should be reduced.
- Air humidity: The Cyathistipula Ficus loves frequent sprays and a warm shower, after which the plant should be shaded by bright light. During the heating season it is better to keep the ficus away from the radiator – the plant will not thank you for the dried air.
- Transplantation: transplant this ficus is carried out in early spring, or even at the end of February, young plants need to be transplanted every year, and adults just change the top 3 cm of soil.
- Feeding: it is recommended to start with the spring and until autumn, once in two weeks, with the rotation of mineral and organic fertilizers.
- Reproduction: Cyathistipula Ficus is multiplied by tip cuttings with four leaves. Cuttings should be washed from milk juice and “powdered” with thick coal. It can be rooted in water as well as in a mixture of earth and sand or perlite and peat in a small greenhouse or under polyethylene. Also, this species of ficus can be multiplied by seeds and air taps.
Types of diseases and pests
Almost all types of ficus are subject to “attack” by the same pests, namely a spider mite, a shield and a powdery worm. You can get rid of them with soap solution, alcohol, special chemicals and just wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. In addition to pests, the plant can also be affected by the environment:
- If the leaves are sharply fallen, it is a consequence of a sharp change in the place where the ficus stood, to avoid this, give your plant at least a month to stand in one place;
- darkened the tips of the leaves – too dry;
- due to lack of light, young shoots may become thin and leaves on them small.