Among the representatives of the mulberry Ficus elastica Abidjan has distinguished itself for its ability to unpretentious decorative existence. And its variety Ficus Abidjan became the crowning glory of home floriculture. In addition to the fact that this plant looks simply stunning: large, wide-oval leaves of dark green color up to 25 cm long and up to 18 cm wide, so it still does not need a reverent care – it is a real find for someone who wants to start growing flowers at home. Ficus Elastica Abidjan grows exclusively vertically and does not exceed the mark of 1.5 m in length. However, there are copies, which in maturity begin to branch. In the photo you can see this beautiful man and make sure that this ficus can be a wonderful addition to your home greenhouse.
Home care for Abidjan ficus
In order to grow a healthy and strong Ficus Abidjan at home, you do not need to invent a bike, you only need to follow the simplest recommendations that will allow you to enjoy the care of the plant.
- Lighting: this variety of Ficus likes bright diffused light without direct sunlight
Prolonged stay in the shade may slow down the growth of the plant.
- Temperature: the temperature should be kept within +18 °C – +24 °C in summer, +16 °C – +18 °C in winter.
- Air humidity: Abidjan likes frequent sprays, a warm shower once a month (with soil closed) and rubbing. In winter, you can only wipe the leaves with a wet sponge.
- Watering: for this ficus optimal would be moderate watering when the land is a little dry, for example, 1-2 times a week in summer, and in winter it is desirable to halve.Do not allow the soil to dry out, as it can lead to the dropping of leaves.
Do not allow the soil to dry out, as this may cause the leaves to fall off.
- Transplantation: Young plants require annual transplantation, and adults only if the pot has become tight. A good drainage layer should be provided to the plant when transplanting. When the ficus appears in new ground, it starts to grow intensively.
- Feeding: Feeding is done during the period of active growth, i.e., from spring till autumn. Liquid fertilizers are good for this, which can be alternated: organic/mineral.
- Reproduction: Abidjan is multiplied in two ways: Drawing (with a sharp knife, the apex stem is cut, the milky juice is removed from the cut, and the cut itself is rooted either in water or directly in the ground) and air (one third of the trunk is cut, a piece of glass or some coarse sand is inserted into the cut, so that it does not fuse, then covered with moss, polyethylene and fixed. With the appearance of roots, the stem is cut and planted in the ground).
Diseases and pests
Among the pests that can cause anxiety long known to us shield, spider mite and centipede. Because of the first leaves begin to wither, get covered with dark spots and fall off. In order to get rid of the shield, you should wipe the leaves with soapy water and spray them with an actellic solution. If the humidity decreases in the room, the air becomes drier, it will lead to the appearance of a spider mite. To say goodbye to the spider mite you should wipe the leaves with soapy water. Well, if you want to avoid this parasite, then spray Abidjan more often with clean water at room temperature. But in order to get rid of the millipedes, you should transplant the ficus into a new sterilized soil and disinfect the pot, or even replace it with another.